Basic Volleyball Terms To Understand The Game

Understanding the basic terms of volleyball is like unlocking a secret code– all of a sudden, the game makes perfect sense. It’s like a light switch being flipped and suddenly you can comprehend what’s happening on the court. Here are some key terms to help you crack the code and become an expert in volleyball.

Volleyball is an exhilarating sport that has taken the world by storm. From beach tournaments to professional leagues, this fast-paced game never fails to get people excited. Whether you’re a beginner or experienced player, it’s important to familiarize yourself with some of the common terms used in volleyball for a better understanding of the game.

For those new to volleyball, understanding the terminology can be intimidating at first. But don’t worry– we’ve got you covered! In this article, we’ll provide an overview of some essential terms and concepts that everyone should know before playing or watching a match. We’ll take you through all the basics — from attack line to double contact — so by the end of this article, you’ll be able to follow any volleyball match with ease!


The serve is the single most important element of volleyball and it’s what sets the game in motion. It’s almost like a magical power, setting off a dynamic and exciting sequence of events that will determine the outcome of each point. Serving with grace and finesse is a skill that separates the best players from their peers – if you can master this skill, you have one foot already in the door to becoming a great volleyball player.

The serve is an art form, requiring control and precision as well as strength and accuracy. You have to be able to deliver a powerful shot while maintaining stability and consistency if you want to win points. It requires knowledge on how to time your delivery so that your opponents won’t know what’s coming next; it also requires understanding which type of serve will work against certain opponents or teams. All in all, it’s an incredibly complex task that takes practice and dedication – but once mastered, can prove to be an invaluable asset for any team.

With practice, determination and confidence, anyone can learn how to make a successful serve – making them unstoppable on the court! The secret lies in perfecting technique so you always hit your target with maximum accuracy, no matter what situation you’re facing. So make sure to focus on improving your serve if you want to become an ace volleyball player!


Ace is like a warrior’s victory cry; it is the sound of triumph when a player successfully serves the ball and no one on the opposing team is able to return it. An ace can be a game-winning play, as it gives the serving team an extra point. It also adds excitement to the match and encourages players to aim for that perfect serve.

When an ace is served, the ball must travel directly over the net and land inbounds. If it hits any of the opponents before they have a chance to make contact with it, or if it lands out of bounds, then it doesn’t count as an ace.

It takes skill and timing to pull off this difficult feat – but when done right, an ace can provide a huge boost to any team’s morale. With each successful serve, they inch closer and closer to victory.


A dig is a defensive move in volleyball. It involves a player getting down low and using their arms to try and keep the ball off the ground. Digs are an essential part of the game, as they help prevent your opponents from scoring points. As a defensive team member, you want to be able to make successful digs in order to keep your team from losing the point.

When making a successful dig, the player must be watching the ball carefully, and then react quickly by getting their arms up and outstretched in order to push or deflect the ball away from the court. The aim is for it to land on your side of the court, so that your team can set up for another attack. Good coordination between players is important when making digs; everyone needs to know who will take responsibility for each ball that comes their way.

Making good digs requires practice and coordination with teammates. Players must be able to read where the ball is going and what kind of shot it’s likely going to be, so they can get into position quickly and make a successful dig. Making sure you stay low while digging also helps improve reaction times; if you’re standing up too high, you won’t have enough time to reach down low enough before the ball hits the ground.

TIP: A great way to practice digging is by doing drills with your team! Have one player throw or hit balls at random while other players try their best to perform successful digs on each one. This helps build coordination between teammates as well as improving individual skillset when it comes to defending against incoming shots. Transitioning into an attack after a successful dig requires quick thinking and teamwork – something that this drill can help perfect!


Like a well-timed attack, volleyball is an ever-evolving sport. From the court to the equipment, one must be prepared for anything. The same goes for the terms used in the game – like ‘attack’.

An attack is a shot hit by a player on the offensive side that is intended to score a point or set up the team for another offensive action. It’s important for players to remember that an attack should be made with an open hand and not closed fists. This way, it gives them more control over their shots and makes sure they don’t get called for double hitting.

It takes practice and skill to master an attack, and when done correctly, it can help your team gain momentum and increase their chances of winning. With proper technique and finesse, an attack can be just as powerful as any serve or block in volleyball. Ready to take your game to the next level? Let’s talk about ‘set’.


Setting up a successful attack in volleyball is like putting together a jigsaw puzzle – you need all the pieces to come together in order for it to work! The set is one of the most crucial pieces of that puzzle, as it’s what gets the ball airborne and into position for an attack. Let’s take a closer look at this important part of the game.

Often referred to as ‘setting’, this phase of play is when a player passes the ball from their hands to another teammate, usually so that they can hit it over the net. The setter typically stands near the net, ready to receive and pass on the ball with their arms raised above their head. It’s almost like they’re doing jumping jacks while playing! They need to be able to move quickly and accurately, so they can deliver an accurate pass without letting the opposing team stop them.

The set is an incredibly important skill that requires lots of practice and experience in order to master it. It needs good timing, technique, and decision-making skills in order to be effective. A good setter will also know how hard and where they should pass in order to give their team an advantage on attack. Without a good setter on your team, you won’t get far!

So there we have it – setting plays an integral role in volleyball by getting play off the ground and creating opportunities for attacking players. From here we can move on to discussing blocking – another key element of this exciting sport.


Like a wall of defense, the block is an important part of volleyball. As a figure of speech, it’s like the last line of defense that teams must break through in order to score.

The block involves two players working together near the net. One player stands near the net while the other is positioned close by behind them. When an opposing team spikes the ball toward the net, both players jump up and extend their arms over the net in an attempt to stop or deflect the ball back to their side. This helps keep points from being scored against them and gives their team more time to position itself for a return shot.

The timing between both players is essential for a successful block, as well as making sure they don’t touch any part of the net during execution. If one or both players make contact with the net, it’s considered a fault and results in a point being awarded to the opposite team. That’s why communication and practice are key components of executing a good block.

Float Serve

A float serve, also known as a floating serve or a push serve, is an important tool for any volleyball player to master. It is an underarm pass that is delivered with a low trajectory and spin. The ball has no arc and travels in a straight line, making it difficult for the opposing team to read its direction. As such, this type of serve can be used to surprise opponents with changes of pace and direction.

Here are 4 tips to help you perfect your float serve: • Use your wrist when delivering the ball so that it has spin and can move at different speeds • Aim for the back court so that you can catch your opponents off guard • Practice releasing the ball from different angles in order to find the most effective delivery point • Make sure you follow through with your arm after delivering the ball so that it has enough force behind it.

Overall, mastering the float serve can be challenging but rewarding once you know how to use it correctly. By adding this skill to your arsenal, you’ll be able to throw off opponents and keep them guessing. As such, getting comfortable with this type of pass will make you more successful on the court. Ready to learn about another key tactic in volleyball? Rallying is an essential part of playing the game…


Rallying in volleyball is a magical thing! It’s an intense, high-energy exchange between two teams as they battle for control of the ball. As the players leap and jump, the ball ricochets off their hands and feet in a thrilling volley.

A rally in volleyball begins when one team serves the ball over the net. The opposing team must then make contact with the ball and return it to the other side within three hits. During the rally, both teams are fighting to keep the ball airborne until one of them can’t return it. The team that returns or sends it over the net wins that particular point.

The intensity of a rally can be quite electrifying as both teams work hard to score points against each other. Every point matters and every shot counts, making rallies an exciting part of a volleyball game – from start to finish! Transitioning seamlessly into another essential element of volleyball: Overhand passing.

Overhand Pass

“Nothing succeeds like practice” – Proverb. The overhand pass is an integral part of the game of volleyball, and mastering it can be the difference between success and failure. Here are four key points to remember when attempting an overhand pass:

  1. Make sure your feet are set before you attempt a pass. You should have one foot slightly ahead of the other, allowing your body to move quickly in either direction.
  2. Use your arms to create a triangle shape with the ball, pointing away from you as you make contact with it.
  3. Keep your thumbs down as you hit the ball, and use a slight wrist snap to generate extra spin on the ball.
  4. Follow through with your arms and legs after contacting the ball for maximum power. When executed correctly, an overhand pass is an effective way to keep rallies going and put pressure on your opponents. It’s important to practice this skill regularly so that you can perform it under pressure when needed during a game or match.


Ensuring the team is in the right place on the court is essential to success in volleyball. As such, it’s important to understand the concept of a lineup. Alluding to the chessboard-like layout of a volleyball court, keeping all players in their correct positions is like a game of mental and physical strategy.

Each team has six players on the court at any given time: two setters, three hitters, and one libero. The libero wears a different color jersey than everyone else and stands near the net. They act as an extra defensive player since they can’t attack or block shots from the other side of the court. The setter stands near their back row partner and is responsible for setting up plays for their teammates by delivering passes from the backcourt over to their hitters in front of them. Finally, the hitters are positioned in various areas around the court depending on what type of play is being run.

The importance of understanding lineups cannot be understated – ensuring that each player is correctly aligned according to their role allows them to play with confidence, knowing exactly where they should be when certain plays are called out by their coach or teammates. This knowledge also helps them anticipate where opponents will be on certain plays, allowing them to better defend against attacks or blocking attempts from opposing teams. With proper positioning and an understanding of lineups, teams can maximize their chances for success both offensively and defensively during matches. Transitioning into net infraction rules...

Net Infraction

Navigating the volleyball court and understanding the rules can be a bit daunting at first. Not to worry though, with a few key terms in your pocket, you’ll be able to show off your newfound knowledge of the game. So let’s dive into the term ‘net infraction.’

A net infraction occurs when a player touches any part of the net during play. This includes touching it with their hands, arms, or any other body part. It’s also an infraction if they catch or hold onto the net while playing. Any team committing a net infraction results in a point for the opposing team. That’s why it’s important to stay aware on the court and keep your hands away from the net!

Net infractions are often quite subtle and easy to miss – so make sure to pay attention to each play on the court. If you notice someone getting too close, its best to warn them before they commit an infraction that could cost their team points. With this knowledge in mind, you’re now ready for another essential volleyball term – rotation!


Rotation, in the game of volleyball, is like a swiftly moving cog in a well-oiled machine. It is an integral part of the gameplay and involves the six players on each team taking turns to move from their designated positions. When the ball is served, all players must move one position clockwise around the court. This allows every player to rotate through all six positions during each set.

In order to keep track of which player is responsible for each position, many teams opt to use numbers instead of names. This helps everyone on the court stay organized throughout the game and ensures that no one gets left behind when it comes time to move. Additionally, it also simplifies communication between teammates as they can quickly identify who should be where and when necessary adjustments need to be made.

Rotation plays an important role in any successful volleyball match as it helps create a smooth flow on court by ensuring that all players are held accountable for their respective duties throughout each set. By rotating effectively, teams can maximize their chances of outplaying their opponents and winning key points in the game.

Time-outs provide teams with an opportunity to regroup, strategize and make any necessary changes before continuing with play.


Time-outs are an important part of the game of volleyball. They allow teams to temporarily pause the action and regroup. During a time-out, players may discuss strategy, review plays, and make substitutions.

Teams may call two time-outs per set, each lasting up to one minute. Time-outs can only be called while the ball is out of play and when the team with possession has not yet served the ball. Teams may also take additional time-outs if both teams agree on it, or if there is an injury that needs medical attention.

Time-outs are a great way for teams to keep their energy high and adjust their strategy as needed throughout the game. It’s important for players to understand how and when to use them in order to maximize their team’s success on the court. With this knowledge in hand, teams can have an advantage over their opponents in tight situations.

Scoring in volleyball follows a pre-defined set of rules that determine how points are awarded during a rally.


Scoring in volleyball is an essential part of the game and understanding how to win a point will help you become a better player. The most common way for teams to score points is by winning rallies, but there are other ways to score as well. Here are five important aspects of scoring in volleyball:

• Serve: Points can be earned when one team serves the ball over the net and the opposing team is unable to return it or returns it out-of-bounds.

• Rally: A team earns a point when they successfully rally back and forth across the net while keeping the ball in bounds until their opponent is unable to return it correctly.

• Fault: If a team commits a fault like touching the net or failing to keep the ball within bounds, then their opponents will earn a point.

• Block: If one team manages to block a serve or attack from their opponents, they will gain possession of the ball and earn a point.

• Ace: An ace occurs when one team serves the ball over the net and their opponents are unable to return it before it hits the ground. In this case, that serving team will earn a point.

Scoring in volleyball can be complicated but these five elements are key for gaining points during matches. Knowing how each of these works will give players an advantage on court and help them understand how to win rallies more easily. With this knowledge, players can move onto learning about out-of-bounds rules which further impacts scoring opportunities during games.


As the saying goes, when it comes to volleyball, you don’t want to be out of bounds! Out-of-bounds is one of the most important concepts of volleyball. It defines when a ball is no longer in play and needs to be returned by the team who didn’t hit it last.

When a ball goes out-of-bounds, it means that it has gone over the net or beyond any lines on the court. This includes if it goes on the floor or off any walls or other objects nearby. Players are not allowed to touch these balls when they go out-of-bounds as it could result in an infraction from the referee.

The team who didn’t hit the ball last gets a point if the ball goes out-of-bounds and cannot be recovered by either team. It’s important for teams to keep an eye on where the ball is going so that they can make sure that they don’t miss an opportunity for a point due to an out-of-bounds call. Understanding this concept and playing within its boundaries is essential for success in volleyball!


The game of volleyball is a complex sport, full of various terms and rules. You need to understand these terms in order to understand the game, play it well, and enjoy it. The serve is an important part of the game as it determines which team gets the ball first and sets up the flow of play. An ace is when a player serves and the other team fails to return it. Digging is an important defensive skill that involves getting under the ball and sending it back over the net. Attacking consists of hitting or spiking the ball from higher up near the net in order to score points. Setting involves passing a received ball to a teammate for them to attack or spike. Rotation refers to how players move around on their side of the court after each point, ensuring everyone takes turns playing different positions. Time-outs are used by coaches during breaks in play in order to make substitutions or discuss strategy. Scoring works similarly for both teams regardless of who serves first and when points are scored, everyone rotates one position clockwise. Out-of-bounds occurs when a hit goes past the sidelines or endline without being touched by either team and results in possession going over to the other team.

Volleyball is an incredibly fun sport that requires knowledge of all these basic terms in order to truly appreciate what’s going on with every point scored and every rotation made. To symbolize this understanding, think of yourself as a spider spinning webs around your opponents; you’re weaving together all these separate strands until they form a cohesive web that will eventually trap them into submission! With enough practice and knowledge, you can use these basic volleyball terms to your advantage every time you step onto the court!