Top 4 Basic Rules In Volleyball Every Competitive Player Should Know

Are you looking to play competitive volleyball? Do you want to reach the top of your game and be the best player on the court? Then read on and discover the top 4 basic rules in volleyball every competitive player should know.

Volleyball is a sport that requires great skill and athleticism. In order to be successful, it’s important for players to understand the fundamentals of the game, such as the four most critical rules. Knowing these basics will give you an edge and help you stand out as a competitive athlete.

Whether you’re just starting out or are an experienced player, this article is for anyone looking to elevate their game and become a better volleyball player. So let’s get started! Here are the top 4 basic rules in volleyball that every competitive player should know.

What Is Volleyball?

Volleyball is a popular indoor sport where two teams of six players each compete against one another. It is played on a court divided by a net, and each team attempts to score points by sending the ball over the net onto the other team’s side. The objective of the game is for one team to outscore their opponents before time expires.

There are four basic rules that all competitive volleyball players should know in order to be successful: serve, spike, block and set. A serve is when the player tosses or throws the ball into the air and hits it over the net with their hand or arm. Spiking involves hitting the ball hard with an open hand towards the floor of their opponent’s court. Blocking involves jumping up in front of an incoming spike and preventing it from crossing into their court. Finally, setting requires positioning oneself so they can hit an overhead pass to a teammate who can then attack.

With these four basic rules in mind, volleyball players can effectively compete against their opponents and strive for victory! Now that we have discussed some core fundamentals of volleyball, let’s move on to discussing court dimensions and layout.

Court Dimensions And Layout

Where one person is serving the ball to another, there must be a court to play on. The court dimensions and layout of a volleyball game are an integral part of the game that all competitive players need to understand. Let’s take a look at what makes up this important part of the sport.

The size of an official volleyball court is 18m x 9m, with a 3m attack line marked along each sideline, 6m from either endline. The court is divided into two halves by a 10cm wide center line and also has a service line marked 9m from either endline. The area between the service line and the endline is known as the free zone and can only be used by the receiving team during their attempt to return the serve.

Additionally, each side of the court has an antenna extending up 1.8m above the sidelines and an attack line extended 3m in front of each sideline. The space between two antennas on each side forms a playing area where players can jump, spike or block shots back over the net towards their opponents’ court in order to score points. With these lines, dimensions and areas set up correctly on both sides of the net, teams can begin to learn how to score points in volleyball through proper understanding of scoring rules.

Scoring Rules

In volleyball, scoring is an integral part of the game and understanding the rules can be the difference between winning or losing. Approximately 70% of all sets in a match are won by teams who score more than 20 points in that set. This statistic emphasizes how important it is to understand how to score in volleyball.

In volleyball, each team has three chances to hit the ball back over the net before it goes out of bounds. When a team successfully passes the ball over the net and their opposition fails to return it, they are awarded a point. The first team to reach 25 points with a two-point lead wins a set and will move on to play another set until they have won two out of three sets, thus winning the game.

If both teams reach 24 points, then things become much more intense as this is called “deuce.” This is where teams must keep playing until one reaches 30 points with a two-point advantage over the other team.

This level of intensity makes it vitally important for players to understand these basic rules – knowledge which can easily be gained through practice or studying up on them before competing in a match. With this knowledge, players can use these scoring rules as an effective tool to increase their chances of victory!

Position Rotation

Position rotation is an essential part of volleyball. In the game, teams are composed of six players who rotate around the court in a clockwise direction. Every player must rotate to the next position after each point is scored, allowing for an even distribution of defense and offense. Teams that don’t keep track of their position rotation often find themselves at a disadvantage due to lack of coverage or improper offensive play.

It’s important to note that there may be exceptions to the rule depending on the coach’s strategy. For example, if a team has a particularly strong hitter, they might choose to stay in one spot so they can focus on spiking the ball every time it comes their way. As with any game, it’s important to understand what your coach wants you and your teammates to do and stick with it throughout the match.

Position rotation is critical for keeping the game organized and fair and can make all the difference when playing competitively. Players should always pay attention to where they are on the court, as well as which position they’re rotating into next. This will ensure that everybody stays engaged in the game and that no one gets left behind or taken advantage of because of a lack of knowledge about how position rotation works. With proper understanding and execution, teams can use this rule to their advantage during matches!

Serving Rules

In volleyball, the serving rules are essential for competitive players to understand. Fundamentally, a player may only serve the ball three times in a row before relinquishing service to the other team. Additionally, the server must stand behind the end line and cannot cross it until after the ball has been contacted by either side. The server is also not able to throw or spin the ball, as it must be hit with an open hand.

Furthermore, if a serve touches any part of the net but still goes over on a legal attempt, play continues uninterrupted; this is known as a “let” serve. Conversely, if a let serve touches any player on either side or fails to go over the net, that counts as one of their team’s three serves and they will lose possession of service.

When serving in volleyball, it’s important to remember that there can be no double contacts when hitting the ball; usually this means that contact with two hands or two parts of one hand is not allowed. Knowing these simple rules can help players gain valuable court awareness during a match and make more strategic decisions for their team.

Blocking Rules

Blocking is an important part of a successful volleyball team’s defensive strategy. It involves one or more players jumping up near the net in order to intercept or slow down an opponent’s attack. There are several rules that must be followed when performing this technique.

First, all players involved in the block must have their feet behind the attack line before contact is made with the ball. This means that blockers must jump up quickly and decisively in order to have enough time to get into position. Additionally, any player who contacts the ball during a block must do so with both hands simultaneously.

In addition, blockers cannot touch their opponents’ court during the attempt, nor can they call for a set from a teammate while blocking. If either of these rules is violated it will result in an illegal block penalty against the violating team. Finally, if two blockers make contact with the ball at once they will be called for double-hitting (a fault).

TIP: It’s important to practice your blocking technique ahead of time so you know exactly what you need to do when it comes time for game day! When done correctly, blocking can help your team stay competitive and frustrate your opponents’ attacks.

Attacking Rules

Attacking rules are vital for a successful volley. In order to score points, players must be able to attack the ball. To do this, they must stay within the court boundaries and hit the ball over the net in three hits or less. It is also important to remember that each team is only allowed three contacts with the ball before it goes back over the net.

A good attacking strategy can help teams win games. The spiker should aim for an open space on the other side of the court and make sure their contact with the ball is high enough that it lands in bounds. Blocking can also be used as an offensive tool when attackers use it to position themselves so they can attack more easily or take advantage of an opponent’s weak spot.

Knowing how and when to attack can give teams an edge on their opponents. Players should practice different strategies in order to develop their attacking skills, such as jumping, going around blockers, faking shots, and using angles and spin. TIP: When attacking, aim for areas of open space instead of trying to hit through blockers every time – this will give your team more opportunities for points!

Setting Rules

When it comes to setting in volleyball, there are a few key rules that all competitive players should be aware of. It is essential for the setter to understand these rules, as their role is integral to the team’s success. First, when setting the ball, the player must use two hands and keep them together; they cannot use one hand or separate them mid-set. Second, the set must be directed between the opponent’s antennae and must land inside their court. Third, if a teammate sets a bad pass, it is permissible to double-contact the ball before setting it into play. Finally, a setter may not jump in order to get more power on their pass; they must make contact with both feet firmly planted on the ground before releasing the ball. These four basic rules are important for any setter to know in order to perform optimally during competitive games.

Passing Rules

Passing is an integral part of the game in volleyball. It’s a skill that requires practice and precision, as it involves sending the ball to another teammate who can set up for a successful attack. There are four basic rules that competitive players should know about passing in order to be successful.

The first rule of passing is to keep your arms straight when you hit the ball. You want to make sure that your arms don’t bend or move too much so that you can send the ball in a straight line towards your teammate. The second rule is to use two hands when passing, which will help create a tighter connection with the ball and allow you to send it further and more accurately. The third rule is to not let the ball touch the ground, as this will result in a point awarded to the other team. Lastly, communication between teammates is essential; it ensures everyone knows where they should be on the court before attempting any passes.

These four rules are key for any player looking to master passing in volleyball. By keeping arms straight, using two hands, avoiding letting the ball touch the ground and communicating with teammates, players can ensure they are doing their best in order to set up their team for success. As players become more comfortable with these rules and practice passing regularly, they will begin seeing improvements out on the court! To further build on these skills, we’ll next discuss receiving rules.

Receiving Rules

In volleyball, receiving the ball is just as important as passing it. As such, players should familiarize themselves with receiving rules to be successful on the court. The first rule to know about receiving is that a player cannot catch, hold or lift the ball with their hands or arms. Doing so will result in a violation and will cause their team to lose the point. Additionally, players must also ensure they direct the ball back over the net using an open-handed pass, known as a forearm pass.

Players can also use other parts of their body to receive the ball instead of their hands, such as their chest or thighs. This involves controlling the ball with some part of your body before sending it back over and is often used when there is no time for a forearm pass. It’s important for players to practice this skill in order to be able to do it quickly during a game.

Finally, if two teammates attempt to contact the same ball at once, it is considered “double contact” and results in a violation by that team. Players should therefore practice good communication and teamwork in order to avoid double contact and keep their team from losing points. With these tips in mind, players are well equipped to properly receive the ball on court and transition into setting up for a play.

Setting The Ball

Setting the ball is one of the most important skills for competitive volleyball players to master. As a setter, you need to have an excellent sense of timing and control in order to execute the perfect set. Furthermore, you must have great hand-eye coordination in order to accurately place the ball in position for a successful attack.

The technique for setting the ball starts with your feet shoulder-width apart and your knees bent slightly. You then need to time your jump in order to reach the highest point before contacting the ball with both hands, keeping them close together and pointing forward as they meet it. The set should be aimed towards your target while using a two-handed overhead motion, pushing off from your back foot as you throw your arms up into the air and extend them over your head.

When done correctly, setting can be an effective way of delivering a quality pass that will give your team an opportunity to score points. However, it’s important that players practice regularly in order to stay sharp and avoid common faults such as poor placement or incorrect timing. With proper technique and regular practice, volleyball players can become adept at setting and make sure their team is always ready for a successful attack!

Common Faults

According to the latest statistics, nearly 90% of volleyball games are lost due to common faults. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or just getting started, understanding and avoiding these errors can be the difference between winning and losing.

One of the most frequent faults in volleyball is foot faulting. This occurs when a player touches the court with their foot outside the attack line during an attack or block. It’s important for players to be aware of their feet at all times, as this is an easy mistake to make and will cost your team a point.

Another major fault is called double hitting, which happens when a player hits the ball twice in succession when trying to set or pass it. Double hitting not only results in a point for the other team but can also throw off your team’s rhythm and prevent them from performing at their best. It’s important for players to practice good techniques like soft hands and wrist control when passing or setting so they don’t commit this error.

Regardless of how experienced you are, avoiding these two common faults can go a long way towards helping you win more games of volleyball. With that said, it’s equally important to keep the ball in play by consistently attacking and defending – something we’ll discuss next!

Keeping The Ball In Play

Playing volleyball is like being a conductor of an orchestra, where the ball is the music. When it hits the court it’s like the first note of a song that must be kept in harmony with each stroke and movement. This is why keeping the ball in play is so important; it’s one of the basic rules all competitive players should know.

The primary goal of keeping the ball in play is to ensure continuous action and movement on the court. Every player contributes by making sure their team keeps points alive as long as possible, no matter what type of shot they are attempting. To do this, players must use proper technique, such as setting and spiking properly, or using defensive techniques like digging and blocking. All these actions work together to keep the ball in play.

When playing volleyball it’s essential for every player to understand how to stay within the boundaries of fair play while being mindful of their opponents’ movements and skillset. To do this, they must adhere to some of the most important fundamental rules: maintaining control during serve attempts and avoiding unnecessary contact with other players on either side of the net. These two rules are essential for keeping everyone safe and ensuring an enjoyable game for everyone involved.

Keeping things fair also means understanding when substitutions should be made or when certain players need a break from game-play.


According to the USA Volleyball, there are over 46 million players of volleyball worldwide. This makes it one of the most popular sports in the world. With so many people playing the sport, it is important for competitive players to understand the basic rules of volleyball. One such rule is substitutions: when a player needs to be replaced by another player due to injury, illness or fatigue.

Substitutions must follow a specific set of guidelines set out by the referee. A maximum of 6 players can be on each team at any one time and each team is only allowed 12 substitutions per set. If a substitution is requested during a rally, the player must wait until after that rally has finished before they can enter play. All substitutions must also be approved by both teams and the referee prior to being accepted.

In addition to these guidelines, coaches may not interfere with the process of making substitutions in any way. They are not allowed to make requests for substitutions while a rally is in progress or call timeouts in order to make a substitution even if all 12 have already been used up during that set. It is essential for all players and coaches involved in a match to understand this rule in order to ensure fair play for both teams and respect for referees and scorekeepers throughout the match.

Referees And Scorekeepers

Referees and scorekeepers play an integral role in the game of volleyball. They are responsible for ensuring the matches are conducted fairly and safely. Referees must follow all rules and regulations, making sure that players adhere to them as well. Scorekeepers, on the other hand, are tasked with keeping an accurate record of points and serves during each match.

The presence of referees and scorekeepers is essential in competitive volleyball matches as they help create a level playing field. Referees can be neutral observers or appointed by either team’s coach. They monitor all aspects of the game including player conduct, time-outs and substitutions. Scorekeepers record all points scored throughout the match including sideouts, service errors, and any penalties that occur during play.

By having referees and scorekeepers present at competitive volleyball matches, coaches can rest assured that their teams will have a fair chance to win the game. This helps maintain sportsmanship among players while creating a safe and enjoyable atmosphere for everyone involved in the match – from fans to players alike.


At its core, volleyball is a simple game that anyone can learn and enjoy. All you need to do is get out there, have fun, and remember the basic rules. From court dimensions and layout to serving rules and keeping the ball in play, volleyball is a sport that requires skill, focus, and teamwork. The four key rules every competitive player should know are scoring rules, position rotation, common faults, and substitutions. These fundamentals will help keep the game running smoothly while allowing teams to compete at their highest level of play.

Volleyball is an incredible sport that brings people together in exciting ways. Every time the ball is served over the net, each team fights for victory with enthusiasm and determination. Although it may look chaotic on the court at times, it’s easy to see why so many people love playing this fast-paced game. From experienced players to beginners alike, everyone can appreciate the thrill of smashing a spike over the net or saving a point with agility and grace.

No matter how advanced your skills become or how far you take your volleyball career – remember to always stay humble and respect your opponents. With these four basic rules firmly in place for all competitors to follow, you’ll be sure to make every match entertaining no matter who comes out on top!