Official Rules Of Volleyball: Everything You Need To Know

Volleyball is a great way to stay fit, have fun and make friends. It’s one of the most popular sports in the world and is played by millions of people across the globe. Whether you’re an experienced volleyball player or just getting started, it’s important to understand the official rules so that you can play competitively and safely. In this article, we will cover everything you need to know about the official rules of volleyball.

We’ll start by discussing how to set up a game of volleyball and what equipment is necessary for play. We’ll then move on to covering the basic rules of serving, scoring, and faulting in volleyball. Finally, we’ll discuss some additional rules that can help enhance your gameplay experience even further.

By the end of this article, you will have all the knowledge required to participate in a friendly game or join a competitive team. So if you’re looking for all the information on official rules of volleyball, look no further! Let’s get started!

Ball Specifications

Ah, the timeless game of volleyball. What better way to show off your athleticism than to master the rigid rules and specifications of this beloved sport? But wait, we’re getting ahead of ourselves. Before you start spiking, let’s talk about that pesky ball everyone loves so much.

First thing’s first: what are the official ball specs? Well, according to the rules of volleyball, it must be spherical and made from leather or a synthetic material approved by FIVB. It should weigh 260-280 grams and have a circumference of 65-67 centimeters. In short: no bigger or heavier beach balls allowed!

Of course, you can’t play the game without knowing its court dimensions…

Court Dimensions

Volleyball might be a fast-paced game, but every inch of the court is important for a successful match. The dimensions of the court in volleyball can be thought of like pieces of a puzzle: without them, the game wouldn’t fit together. To get an idea of what that looks like, here are five items that make up the court dimensions:

• A rectangle with a length of 18 m and a width of 9 m • A center line dividing the court into two equal sides • An attack line 3 m from, and parallel to, the centerline • A 10 cm wide service line located 1 m from, and parallel to, each sideline • Antennas extending 0.15 m above each sideline.

These measurements create the perfect environment for teams to compete against one another. Without them, there would be no way to score points or determine who wins the match. The various lines also help players know where they should stand during different parts of gameplay. It’s clear that these rules and regulations have been carefully crafted to ensure fairness among teams while also creating an exciting experience for spectators. With such detailed specifications laid out on paper, players have everything they need to enjoy volleyball at its highest level. Next up? Everything you need to know about number of players in a volleyball match!

Number Of Players

The game of volleyball centers on the number of players participating, a critical component in any match. Like a spider web, each player is tied to one another in an intricate relationship that determines the outcome. As such, it’s essential to understand the regulation for how many players are needed for an official match.

To illustrate this point, here are four key points about the number of players:

  1. Each team consists of six players.
  2. A minimum of two teams is required to begin play.
  3. Substitutes may be used when necessary during a game without penalty from the referee.
  4. There is no maximum limit on substitutions per team as long as they occur within the allocated time frame for breaks and timeouts.

This information provides a foundation for understanding how participants interact with one another and highlights why volleyball is a team sport that requires cooperation between members to succeed. Understanding these boundaries will help foster successful gameplay as we move onto exploring serving rules next.

Serving Rules

Serving is an integral part of a volleyball game and must be done correctly in order for the game to run smoothly. In a regulation game, only one player from each team is allowed to serve per turn and may not switch with another player during that turn. The server must stand at the back of their team’s court, behind the end line, and can only serve the ball once it has been tossed or released from their hand.

The server must also ensure that they contact the ball with one hand only, below their waist and above the height of the net. A serve which lands outside of the opponent’s court is deemed as a fault, resulting in a point for the other team. If a faulty serve is made and noticed by either team before it has been returned, then that point will be nullified.

It’s important to note that if after serving two consecutive faults are made, then a point will be awarded to their opponent regardless of whether it was detected or not. This makes it essential for servers to pay close attention during their turn so as not to inadvertently give away points to the opposing team. With these rules in mind, teams can now focus on scoring points as they strive towards victory.

Scoring Rules

Scoring in volleyball is an important part of the game. When teams score a point, they are one step closer to victory. But how is scoring achieved?

In volleyball, a point is awarded to a team when their opponent commits an error or fails to return the ball over the net. The team that wins a rally earns one point and the right to serve for the next rally. When a team reaches 25 points, they win the set and must reach two sets out of three to win the match. If both teams reach 24 points, then a set goes into extra points where teams play until one of them has a two-point advantage over their opponent.

To keep track of scoring, each side has its own scoreboard which records each point earned and displays who has won each set. The scoreboards also indicate when technical timeouts can be taken by either team during regular play or extra points. It’s important for players to pay attention to the scoreboard as it records important information about the game’s progress.

Rotation is an integral part of volleyball as it determines which player will serve in each team’s rotation and keeps the game moving quickly and efficiently.


Rotation, the never-ending cycle of volleyball! Like the sun rising and setting, teams rotate around the court to ensure fairness in the game. As a figure of speech, rotation is akin to a wheel, with each team playing all positions in order to keep the game running smoothly.

In volleyball, rotations are based on player positions. A team’s starting lineup must include players assigned to each position (right side hitter, left side hitter, middle blocker and setter). When a team serves they must rotate one place clockwise while their opponents rotate counterclockwise. This will be repeated until a point is scored or the rally ends.

The second touch by any player after a serve must be within their own playing area. Otherwise it is considered as an error or fault and will result in a point for their opponents. Thus it is important for teams to be aware of their rotation at all times during play in order to avoid faults and maintain focus throughout the game. With this understanding of rotations and its importance in volleyball, teams are now ready for more advanced rules about faults that will help them become even better players!


In the game of volleyball, faults are a set of violations that can result in a point or loss of service for the offending team. The rules regarding faults are important to understand to ensure fairness and competitive integrity in each match.

Below is a list of common faults that may occur during play: -Serving out of turn -Carrying or double-hitting the ball -Touching the net while making contact with the ball -Failing to return the ball over the net within three hits by a single team -Reaching over the net while attempting to block or spike the ball

When a fault is committed, it results in an immediate point for the other team, or change of serve if it occurs during service. It is up to the referee’s discretion whether intentional or unintentional contact with body parts other than hands causes a fault. Any violation should be called as soon as possible after it has occurred to avoid confusion and potential arguments on court.

With these rules around faults explained, we will now move onto what happens when players are out of play.

Out Of Play

The whistle blows and the players take their positions. All eyes are on the court as they eagerly await the next move. For the game to continue, one team must now successfully navigate out of play.

Out of play is an important concept in volleyball; when a player touches the ball or any other object outside of their team’s playing area, it is considered out of play. It’s a rule that helps keep the game fair and fun for everyone involved. If a player or team has committed too many out of plays, they can be penalized with a point or even disqualified from the match entirely.

Every time a ball goes out of bounds, players must remain in their places until both sides agree that it’s okay to move forward with the game. This adds an exciting level of strategy to each match as teams try to make sure they don’t fall victim to any unwanted out of plays. With this rule firmly in place, volleyball games are always full of tension and thrilling moments!


Blocking is so intense that it could be considered a whole other sport! This thrilling action takes place when the opponent sends the ball to your side of the net and you, the blocker, anticipate their move. You literally stand in their way and attempt to stop them from scoring by creating a wall with your hands and arms. It’s an exhilarating experience that requires agility and skillful timing.

Before you can make your move as a blocker, you must be aware of the rules surrounding blocking. You are only allowed to block after the ball has crossed over the net, and it’s illegal for two players on one team to block at the same time. You must also remain behind the attack line on your side of the court throughout the block. If these criteria are met, then you are free to make an attempt at thwarting your opponent’s attack.

If done correctly, a successful block can bring much joy to your team while disheartening your rival’s morale. When blocking is done right, it can be one of those plays that will live on in infamy! With proper technique and strategic timing, blockers have the power to turn any match around and secure victory for their team. Now that we’ve covered blocking let’s move onto talking about timeouts…


Timeouts can be compared to taking a breath in the game of volleyball. They provide an opportunity for both teams to collect themselves and strategize, allowing them to stay in the game and compete with their best effort.

Timeouts are short breaks in the game that typically last one minute each. During this time, coaches can discuss strategy with their players or give individual players feedback. Both teams can request one timeout per set, although additional timeouts may be awarded if needed due to injury or other reasons. During a timeout, all players must remain within their team area and no coaching is allowed from the sidelines.

When it comes to timeouts, it’s important for teams to use them strategically in order to maximize their benefit. For example, if a team is struggling on defense, they may want to call a timeout before the other team scores more points; this will allow them time to regroup and improve their communication on defense. And when it comes down to crunch time – with only a few points left – teams should be sure not to waste their final timeout unless absolutely necessary. With these tips in mind, teams can use timeouts effectively during games and prepare for upcoming rallies.

Uniforms play an important role in setting expectations for players and helping referees distinguish between opposing sides.


It is understandable to wonder why uniforms are such an important part of volleyball. After all, the focus should be on technique and strategy, not style and appearance. However, there are some practical reasons why it is necessary that players wear matching uniforms while playing.

First, wearing a uniform helps to identify each player as part of a team rather than individual competitors. This helps create a sense of camaraderie between teammates, which can lead to better performances on the court. Additionally, uniforms make it easier for referees to distinguish one team from another during a match.

Furthermore, wearing appropriate attire shows respect for the game and the other players involved in it. Unacceptable clothing includes items that could distract or injure other players such as:

  • Jewelry
  • Necklaces
  • Rings
  • Exposed piercings
  • Bags with sharp or hard objects
  • Inappropriate images or words

Players must also follow safety regulations regarding spandex and other tight-fitting clothing so they can move without restriction; thus avoiding potential injuries. It is also important that teams avoid clothing with similar colors because this will make it difficult for referees to differentiate between teams during the match. By adhering to these rules, all players can enjoy the game in a safe environment without confusion over who belongs to which team.

In addition to following these rules of attire and safety, teams must ensure they have two sets of uniforms: one dark and one light colored so they can switch if needed based on their opponents’ colors. With everyone properly dressed and following safety precautions, teams can now focus on winning games instead of worrying about what they’re wearing!


Substitutions are like a game of chess, where a player strategically moves their pieces in order to gain an advantage. The same is true in volleyball: substitutions can be used to bring in fresh energy and skill to the court.

Players can only enter the court when there is a stoppage of play, such as time-outs and between sets. When substituting players, teams have to follow certain rules: only six players can be on the court at one time; each team must inform the referee before making any substitutions; and no more than three substitutes may be used during a set.

TIP: Substitutions are an important part of volleyball strategy and should not be taken lightly. Consider how each substitution can benefit your team’s performance in order to maximize your chances of victory.

When these rules are not followed, it could result in penalties for the team.


Penalties in volleyball are punishing and powerful. Players must abide by the rules to avoid any potential punishment. Punishments come in many forms and can be applied to teams or individual players based on the violation.

For minor violations such as delay of game, a warning is typically issued. For more serious violations like unsportsmanlike conduct or physical contact, referees may issue a verbal warning, yellow card, red card, or ejection from the match. The referee has the authority to decide which penalty fits the violation best.

Any player who receives two yellow cards in one match will automatically receive a suspension for their next game and could face additional penalties if deemed necessary by the referee. Additionally, teams that fail to follow substitution rules may be penalized with loss of points or even forfeiture of the match depending on the circumstances. It is important for players to understand these consequences so they can stay out of trouble and maintain fair play during competition.

Commonly Used Signals

When it comes to playing volleyball, there are certain signals that players use to communicate with each other. These commonly used signals are essential for having a successful game.

One of the most important signals is the ‘bump’ signal, which is when a player uses their forearms to pass the ball. The setter then uses their hands to set up the ball for an attack. Additionally, there is a ‘block’ signal, which indicates that a player is attempting to block shots from opponents at the net.

Players also use various arm movements and body language to indicate whether they are serving or receiving the ball. Furthermore, they can make hand gestures that signify who will be receiving the serve and where they should hit it on the court. All of these signals help keep players organized and on the same page during gameplay.

These common volleyball signals help ensure that everyone on the court is playing smoothly and following all of the official rules of volleyball. This allows for an enjoyable experience for all participants in a game or tournament setting.

Official Volleyball Rules Resources

Moving on from the commonly used signals, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the official volleyball rules. In order to do this, there are a number of resources available. From online databases and websites to professional leagues and organizations, there is a wealth of information out there.

One great resource for official volleyball rules are the governing bodies for the sport. These organizations set and enforce the regulations for all levels of play. Additionally, they provide valuable updates and changes throughout the year as new strategies come into play or technology advances. For competitive players, it’s essential to stay up-to-date with these organizations in order to remain competitive.

If you’re looking for specific rules or just want to brush up on your knowledge, online databases offer quick access to any information you need. With organized categories and search functions, these sites can provide comprehensive details on all aspects of the game without having to sift through mountains of outdated material. Not only that, but they often feature helpful tutorials or video lessons so you can really hone in on key concepts or strategies.

No matter what level you’re playing at, having an understanding of the official rules is essential for success in volleyball. Whether you consult professional organizations or utilize online resources, make sure that you have a firm grasp on all aspects of the game before heading out onto the court!


Volleyball is an incredibly fun and exciting sport to play. It requires skill, agility, and strategy to become a successful volleyball player. With the official rules outlined above, players now have the power to take their game to the next level. Whether it’s playing in a tournament or just having some friendly competition with your friends, you can be sure that you’re playing by the official rules of volleyball! And no matter how experienced you are, there’s always something new to learn and improve upon. These rules are not only necessary for fairness and safety, but they also make the game even more enjoyable. So grab a ball and get your game on – volleyball is here to stay!