Complete List Of Volleyball Terms: Defense: Hitting Terms

Volleyball is an exciting and dynamic game that requires skill, agility, and strategy. It’s a sport where a team of six must work together to block, spike and serve their way to victory. Knowing the terminology for all aspects of the game is essential for players who want to excel in the sport.

This article will provide readers with a comprehensive list of volleyball terms related to defense and hitting. From back row attacks, blocks and digs to overhands, bumping and setting – understanding these terms is key for any volleyball enthusiast looking to improve their game.

Whether you’re just starting out or a seasoned vet, this article will give you the tools necessary to better understand the intricacies of defense and hitting terms in volleyball. Get ready to learn everything you need to know about these important elements of the game!


Digging is a crucial defensive skill in volleyball. It involves the player using their hands to quickly and accurately pass a hard-hit ball back to their team. This important defensive technique requires the player to be able to read the trajectory of the ball, move quickly, and have strong hand-eye coordination.

In order to effectively dig a ball, players must practice proper body positioning, footwork and hand control. Having good form when diving for a ball will help ensure that it is passed back safely. Additionally, having quick reflexes gives players an edge as they need to react quickly in order to get into position before the ball hits them.

All of these skills come together to make up an effective digger who can help keep their team in play longer by preventing an opposing team from scoring points. With enough practice and repetition, any player can become an effective digger and help their team win matches. To take it one step further, players should also learn about overpassing…


Like a thunderous clap on a summer day, the overpass is an explosive and powerful move in volleyball. It is a defensive skill that requires great accuracy and timing to execute effectively.

An overpass is a reaction to the opponent’s spike or attack. The defender has to quickly judge the trajectory of the ball and then swiftly move into position to hit it back over the net. It can be used as an offensive play as well, when a team needs to set up their attackers with a good angle.

The overpass is an important part of any team’s defensive strategy; it ensures that no easy points are given away and keeps opponents on their toes. Mastering this technique requires practice, but it can be incredibly rewarding for any team looking to dominate their opponents.


Receiving a volleyball is like catching a wild bird in flight. You have to be ready for anything, and react quickly in order to prevent it from escaping your grasp. The term ‘reception’ refers to the act of receiving the ball from an opponent’s serve or attack, which requires highly developed agility, coordination, and anticipation skills. It’s important for the player to track the ball carefully and adjust their position in response to its trajectory; the reception must also be performed with the correct technique to ensure that the ball can be set up for the next attack.

The most common type of reception is known as ‘bumping’, which involves players using their forearms and wrists together to control where they direct the ball. They must time their contact with the ball carefully in order to minimize any acceleration of its speed as it passes through their arms. Players should also aim to make contact near their chest area so that they can easily set up their teammates for an attack afterwards. A successful bump will leave no spin on the ball, providing a clear path towards setting up a strike or spike.

To master reception takes practice, but when done correctly it can enable teams to break through opponents’ defenses and seize control of a match. By readying themselves for anything that might come their way and using proper technique, players can give their team an edge when attempting to score points against formidable adversaries. With each successful reception comes one step closer towards victory – let’s move onto setting now!


Setting is an essential skill in volleyball and involves controlling the ball to a teammate or yourself. It involves using the hands or arms to direct the ball wherever the player desires. Setting requires accurate placement of the ball, usually involving the fingertips, and must be done quickly to give their teammate time to hit it. The setter should use their body movement, position, and footwork to set up for the next play.

Before setting a ball, a player must first receive it from their teammate or opposition. This is known as receiving and involves getting into position quickly to avoid being blocked by their opponents. After receiving the ball, players need to decide how they want to set it; whether they should use two hands or one hand, if they should jump or stay still when setting, and so on.

Players must also consider where they should place the ball depending on who will be hitting it. Setting requires split-second decision making in order for players to succeed in this area of play. With practice and experience, players can become proficient at setting and help their team achieve success on the court. From here, we transition into looking at ‘block’ – an important defensive skill in volleyball when defending against opposition hits.


The fifth term in the complete list of volleyball terms is ‘block’. Block is an essential defensive technique that involves a player jumping and attempting to intercept a ball that has been hit by an opposing team. It’s often used as a reaction to a powerful attack from the other side.

Here are four key elements of blocking: • Timing: The most important element of successful blocking is timing; the blocker must time their jump correctly to have any chance at a successful block. • Reach: A blocker must be able to reach the highest point possible in order to make contact with the ball. • Hands: When making contact with the ball, blockers must use both hands to create a wall and block the ball from crossing over it. • Positioning: Blocking requires players to stay in good position on the court, as they need to react quickly when necessary.

With proper technique and execution, blocking can be an effective tool for preventing opponents from scoring points. By successfully anticipating and stopping attacks, teams can gain control of rallies and prevent their opponents from gaining momentum. With this context in mind, we can now transition into discussing ‘bump’, another important defensive volleyball term.


The volleyball court is a battlefield, and players must deftly maneuver between offense and defense. The bump is an essential tool, like a shining shield of protection. It’s the act of using the forearms to pass or receive the ball while keeping it off the ground.

The bump requires technique and finesse; every player needs to be able to do it with ease. For a successful bump, two hands must meet the ball simultaneously, creating a cushion to bounce it back up into play. Players must also consider their positioning; they need to be close enough for accuracy but far enough away for maximum reach.

To get the most out of each bump, practice makes perfect! Building muscle in your arms and forearms can help you develop strength and speed. Playing alongside teammates will teach proper form and when best to use the bump in different scenarios. With these skills under your belt, you’ll soon be ready to take on any challenge that comes your way on the court! Onward now to tackling the roll shot…

Roll Shot

The roll shot in volleyball is like a wave, slowly building up power and then crashing against the defense. It symbolizes the resilience of athletes: no matter how powerful their opponent’s attack, they can always fight back.

As a player, there are three main elements to master for a successful roll shot:

  1. Timing – to get the ball over the net at the right moment;
  2. Angle – to direct it where you want it to go;
  3. Power – to generate enough force so that your opponent can’t return it easily.

When executed correctly, the roll shot can be an effective weapon against any defense. Its unpredictable trajectory and pace make it especially difficult for blockers to anticipate and stop. With skillful execution, players can use this strategy to outwit their opponents and take control of the match. As soon as you have mastered this move, you will be able to unleash its power in every game you play. Moving on…


Spiking is an important skill in the game of volleyball. It involves the player jumping up and forcefully hitting the ball down towards the other team’s court, often with a closed fist. This move is typically done when the spiker has a good angle to hit the ball and can score points for their team.

Spiking requires timing and precision, as it must be done quickly enough so that the other team cannot block or dig out the ball. A successful spike usually requires a combination of height, power, and accuracy. The higher off the ground a player can jump, the more force they can put behind their hit which can increase their chances of scoring points for their team.

The spike is one of the most thrilling plays to watch in volleyball and can be very rewarding for players who are able to master this skill. It takes practice and dedication to perfect spiking technique but it can be a great way to contribute to your team’s success on court. Transitioning into this next step, learning how to execute an effective tip can also be beneficial for any volleyball player looking to improve their skillset.


Tactically tapping the volleyball, the technique of tipping is one of the most important skills in a player’s arsenal. Tipping is a controlled, soft hit used to place the ball away from the blockers, at angles that are more difficult for them to defend. This finesse-filled move requires careful timing and placement to be truly effective.

To tip, a player will typically approach the net with their torso upright and hands up, ready to take contact with the ball. With quick reflexes, they will then lightly tap it off their fingertips and out of reach of defenders. The faster movement allows for more accuracy and a higher probability of success.

Players must also consider where their opponents are standing before attempting this move; an ill-timed tip can easily land in open space or be blocked by an alert defender. To avoid being blocked, players should aim for high targets near areas that defenders cannot reach. With practice and experience comes confidence in knowing when and where to tip the ball successfully.

Overhand Pass

The tenth term in the list of volleyball terms is ‘overhand pass’. An overhand pass is an important skill that players should master to ensure efficient execution of the game. This technique involves passing the ball using both hands, with a reach above the head and a push forward towards their target. It is used when receiving serves or setting up a play, and allows players to move quickly while maintaining control of the ball.

The technique requires accuracy and timing as well as good hand-eye coordination. To properly execute an overhand pass, it is important for players to keep their arms straight and use a quick arm swing to propel the ball forward. The player should also be sure to follow through with their arms fully extended so that they can maximize power and accuracy for the pass.

Overall, an overhand pass is a crucial skill for any volleyball player who wants to make successful plays on the court. Knowing how to execute this technique effectively will not only help players become better at controlling the ball but also enable them to set up plays more efficiently.

One-Handed Dig

The one-handed dig is like a glove for the volleyball, ready to catch any incoming passes that might otherwise be lost. It is an important skill in the sport and requires quick reactions from the player. Just like a baseball outfielder waiting for his chance to make a play, so must a volleyball defender be ready to move at any moment.

The one-handed dig is often used when an attacker attempts to send the ball over the net in a powerful spike. The defender must get low and scoop up the ball with one hand while keeping their balance and movement steady. This takes practice and commitment, but it can also be quite rewarding when done correctly.

The one-handed dig is just one of many skills necessary in order to be successful at defense while playing volleyball. With enough practice, defenders can become skilled enough to make some incredible saves on seemingly impossible shots – setting them up for success as they move onto their next challenge: hand setting.

Hand Setting

As the saying goes, two hands are better than one – and that’s especially true for hand setting in volleyball. Hand setting, or bump setting, is a fundamental skill for any volleyball player to master. It involves using both hands (at once) to pass the ball from one player to another.

The hand setting technique begins with a stiff arm and shoulders, and the arms should be held as close as possible together so that they form a triangle shape with the head. The wrists are then bent so that they form an angle of 90 degrees. The hands should be cupped and slightly spread apart to catch the ball at the highest point of its trajectory. The player must then thrust their arms forward while keeping them close together, pushing the ball up and towards their intended target.

With practice, this technique can become second nature to any aspiring volleyballer – allowing them to deliver pinpoint passes with ease! From here, players can move on to mastering more advanced techniques such as pipe passing...


When it comes to the art of defense in volleyball, the pipe is a powerful tool. Like a conductor leading an orchestra, with just one swift motion of the arm and hand, one can create a beautiful defensive masterpiece. It’s the ultimate finishing touch that can take a game from good to great.

The pipe is used as an offensive move when setting up a teammate for a spike or an attack. It involves the player slapping their hands together in front of themselves forcefully and directly at their intended target. The power and accuracy behind this technique creates a substantial distraction for opposing players, allowing for an easier attack on the net.

This simple yet effective technique is often underestimated by players who are new to volleyball. However, its impact can be seen on the court as skilled players use it to set up their teammates for success. With proper practice and repetition, even novices can master the pipe and become proficient at using it as part of their defensive repertoire.


The fourteenth term in the complete list of volleyball terms is ‘antenna. This term refers to the vertical poles that are placed on either side of a net used for playing volleyball. Antennas are important as they act as markers for the players, ensuring that all participants know when they are allowed to proceed with their hits and returns.

It is important to note that antennas must be placed outside a court’s boundary lines in order to be eligible for use. If antennas are not properly placed, then any points scored by either team from the mispositioned antennas will not count. Additionally, antennas must remain stationary throughout each game and cannot be adjusted without approval from a referee or judge.

Antennas provide an important visual indicator for players, allowing them to track where the ball has landed relative to their position on the court. As such, they are an integral part of any official volleyball game. With this knowledge in mind, players can get ready for their next move: line shot.

Line Shot

A line shot is an offensive move in the sport of volleyball. It’s a powerful and direct attack that goes straight down the line of defense. The player hits the ball with their arm extended parallel to their body, so it travels down the sidelines of the court.

Hitting a line shot can be a game-winning move, if executed correctly. Here are five reasons why it’s such a great play: • It has the potential to be unstoppable, because it’s extremely fast and accurate • It can force errors from opponents as they scramble to return the ball • It requires little energy compared to other aggressive shots • It can surprise defenders and create openings for other players • It offers an opportunity for creativity, because there are many ways to execute it.

Line shots are a valuable weapon for any volleyball team and should be used strategically by experienced players. When timed correctly, it can help turn the tide of any match.


Volleyball is a team sport that requires both offensive and defensive skills. The terms used to describe the various actions of the game can be confusing, but with an understanding of the complete list of volleyball terms, players can become more comfortable on the court. Knowing the difference between a dig and an overpass, or understanding how to properly set or block will help increase confidence and improve performance.

A common objection to learning these terms may be that it takes too long to learn them all. However, with practice and repetition, these terms can become second nature in no time. Additionally, being able to accurately call out defensive hitting terms during a match can help ensure your team has plenty of opportunities for success.

Overall, knowing the complete list of volleyball terms is essential for any player who wants to excel at the game. With knowledge comes confidence which can ultimately lead to greater success on the court. Even if it takes some time and effort, mastering these terms will have lasting benefits that make all the effort worthwhile.